Eyelid tumors are growths that can appear on the upper or lower eyelids. While many eyelid tumors are benign, some can be cancerous and require prompt medical attention. These tumors can develop on the skin, the eyelid margin, or the conjunctiva, which is the membrane that lines the inside of the eyelid.
There are several types of eyelid tumors, including:
- Basal cell carcinoma – the most common type of eyelid cancer, which usually appears as a small, shiny bump on the eyelid.
- Squamous cell carcinoma – a type of skin cancer that can develop on the eyelid, usually as a red, scaly patch.
- Sebaceous gland carcinoma – a rare but aggressive type of eyelid cancer that typically appears as a painless, hard lump.
- Melanoma – a type of skin cancer that can develop on the eyelid, usually as a dark, irregularly shaped mole.
Symptoms of eyelid tumors can include:
- A lump or bump on the eyelid
- Swelling or redness of the eyelid
- Changes in the appearance of the eyelid
- Persistent itching or burning
- Abnormal eyelash growth or loss
If you notice any of these symptoms, it is important to see an ophthalmologist or dermatologist for a diagnosis. They may perform a biopsy, which involves removing a small sample of the tumor for analysis, to determine whether it is cancerous or benign.
Treatment for eyelid tumors depends on the type and severity of the tumor. Benign tumors may be monitored over time or surgically removed if they are causing discomfort or affecting vision. Cancerous tumors may require more aggressive treatment, such as surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.
Prevention is key when it comes to eyelid tumors. Protecting your skin from the sun’s harmful UV rays can help reduce your risk of developing skin cancer on the eyelids. Wear sunglasses with UV protection and a hat with a brim when you are outdoors, and avoid tanning beds. If you have a history of skin cancer or other risk factors for eyelid tumors, such as a weakened immune system, it is especially important to take precautions and see an eye doctor for regular eye exams.
Dr. Harleen Bedi, a top ophthalmologist, has extensive experience in the diagnosis and treatment of eyelid tumors. With her expertise and personalized approach to patient care, she can help you understand your risk of eyelid tumors and develop a personalized treatment plan to manage your symptoms and preserve your vision. Don’t let an eyelid tumor go untreated – contact Dr. Bedi today to schedule an appointment.